Victorian newspaper proprietor,

publisher and entrepreneur






Early Works

First 25 Years

Romances and Penny Bloods

Plagiarism, copyright

Who wrote Sweeney Todd?


Industrial innovation

Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper

Daily Chronicle


Lloyd the Radical

Lloyd the Liberal: Lloyd's Weekly

Lloyd the Liberal: Daily Chronicle

Radicals and Chartists

Liberal Party

The Rise of Literacy


(with links for Edward's children)

Biography (with some myths)

Lloyd the Man

Edward's Will




The London Daily Press, by Henry W Massingham (Fleming H Revell, New York, 1892, digitised and reproduced by BiblioLife, 2009)

That Irishman: The Life and Times of John O’Conner Power, by Jane Stanford (The History Press, 2011) – the Daily Chronicle’s position on Irish home rule

Lloyd George’s Acquisition of the Daily Chronicle in 1918, by J M McEwen (Journal of British Studies, Vol 22, No 1 (Autumn 1982) pp  127-144)

Works that mention Lloyd’s papers but not at any great length include Revolutions from Grub Street: A History of Magazine Publishing in Britain by Howard Cox and Simon Mowatt (OUP, 2014), Power without Ressponsibility: The Press, Broadcasting and the New Media in Britain, by James Curran and Jean Seaton (Routledge, 2003), Tickle the Public by Matthew Engel (Victor Gollancz, 1996) and The Dawn of the Cheap Press in Victorian Britain by Martin Hewitt (Bloomsbury, 2013)

A Farewell to Fleet Street, by Susie Barson and Andrew Saint (London Division of English Heritage, 1988) – the lost architecture of the London press


East London Industries, by William Glenny Crory (1876; reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, 2008

Printing Presses: History & Development from the Fifteenth Century to Modern Times, by James Moran (University of California Press, 1973)

A Short History of the Printing Press and of the Improvements in Printing Machinery from the Time of Gutenberg up to the Present Day, printed and published for Robert Hoe, New York (1902)

Progress in Printing and the Graphic Arts during the Victorian Era, by John Southward (Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co Ltd, 1897)

History of R Hoe & Company 1834-1885, by Stephen D Tucker, introduction by Rollo G Silver

R Hoe & Co Printing Machines: Catalogue 1873

Efficiency Improved: The Genesis of the Web Press in America, by Rollo G Sliver

A Visit to Lloyd’s Mills at Sittingbourne, with a Description of No 11 Machine, the Paper Maker and British Paper Trade Journal, Nov 1902, p.3

Poaching Engines and Boilers at Lloyd’s Paper Mills, Bow Bridge, London, The Engineer, July 26, 1867, p.70




Obituary of Edward Lloyd (Lloyd's Weekly, 13 April 1890)

The Family of Edward Lloyd, by Nigel Lloyd, great great grandson of Edward. It was updated on 11 January 2015. His grandfather, F N (Peter) Lloyd, son of Herbert,  wrote some notes on the family history

My Life's Pilgrimage, by Thomas Catling (1911)

Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper. The Romance of a Daring Journalistic Venture. By a Veteran Member of the Staff of Lloyd’s. This was published in The London Magazine, probably in 1903. This article contains material about the paper’s launch and useful analysis of its contents. It also highlights the important role played by Tom Catling.

From Forest to Fireside: The Story of the Making of Lloyd’s Weekly News. A booklet written to accompany a film issued in 1906 (not yet discovered) that describes not only the making of newsprint but also the printing and editorial processes in some detail with many photographs (55.4 MB)

The Revolution in Popular Literature: Print, Politics and the People, 1790-1860, by Ian Haywood (Cambridge UP, 2004). Chapter 7 is devoted to Edward Lloyd and George W M Reynolds

Journalistic London, by Joseph Hatton (1882). Chapter XI focuses on Lloyd’s Weekly, and there is also a shorter passage on the Daily Chronicle

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004

Edward Lloyd, by Robert Kirkpatrick

Letter to the Editor of the New York Times, 20 August 1904. This gives a lively appreciation of Lloyd and his works by Henry Llewellyn Williams of Pearl River, NY. Some of the dates and titles are inaccurate

An Introduction to Varney the Vampire, by Michael Holmes, 1997. Despite its title, this essay is mainly biographical

Everything Old Is New Again: Dickens To Digital,  Joseph J Beard (Loyola Law School, 2004) – a paper that discusses the lawsuit brought by Dickens’s publishers against Lloyd for plagiarism

Youth in Darkest England: Working-Class Children at the Heart of the Victorian Empire, by Troy Boone, 2010 (e-book). Professor Boone argues that Varney reflects the division within Chartist advocacy between moral suasion and violence (see Politics)

Death, Lies and Old Newspapers, by Rebecca Gowers, The Drawbridge, Spring 2007


Pall Mall Gazette, 9 April 1890, p.6

South Australian Chronicle, 11 April 1890, p.6


Lloyd's Penny Sunday Times & People's Police Gazette

Lloyd's Companion to the Penny Sunday Times

Lloyd's Penny Weekly Miscellany of Romance and General Interest

People's Periodical and Family Library

Lloyd's Penny Atlas

Lloyd's Entertaining Journal

The Weekly Penny Comic Magazine; or, Repertory of Wit and Humour

Lloyd's Commercial Almanac

Lloyd's Pictorial Library of Standard Works (including Arabian Nights' Entertainments)

The Family Journal of Useful Knowledge

Ladies' Journal: A Newspaper of Fashion, Literature, Music and Variety

The Gardener, Florist and Agriculturist

Lloyd's Cheap Treatise on Popular Flowers etc

Lloyd's Pickwickian Songster, Containing all the Popular Rum, Comic and Sentimental Songs of the Day

Lloyd's Ethiopian Song Book. Containing All the Negro Melodies as Sung by the Ethiopian Serenaders

This list is not a complete list of all Lloyd's periodical titles





Listings and commentary

Price One Penny: A Database of Cheap Literature 1837-1860, website run by Marie Léger-St-Jean. It lists 201 Lloyd romances

New Light on Sweeney Todd, Thomas Peckett Prest, James Malcolm Rymer and Elizabeth Caroline Grey, by Helen R Smith, 2002. As well as analysing the contribution made by these authors to Lloyd's works, this essay sheds light on his record-keeping and contains lists of Lloyd's authors (p.14) and periodicals (p.15), and known works by Rymer and Prest (pp.16-21)

The British Library has many Lloyd publications in its Barry Ono Collection of Victorian Popular Literature, bequeathed to the BL in 1941 and edited by Elizabeth James and Helen R Smith, 1998

Fiction for the Working Man, 1830-50, by Professor Louis James. Penguin Educational, 1964. This is the thesis for an Oxford DPhil approved by an adventurous tutor who preferred it to yet another thesis on Wordsworth. James's entertaining essay on his work in the British Library in 1957 demonstrates the lack of interest at the time. The value of his book was immediately recognised, although research in this field did not fully resume until 1998

Popular Ficton 100 Years Ago: An Unexplored Tract of Literary History, by Magaret Dalziel (Cohen & West, 1957)

Bibliography of the Penny Bloods of Edward Lloyd, by John Medcraft. Privately published, 1945. This tantalising title is only available at the British Library, the National Library in Scotland, the New York public library system or Texas A&M University

Peeps into the Past, A Detailed 1919 History of Bloods and Journals, by Frank Jay. This text was "compiled by Bill Blackbeard and Justin Gilbert" in 2001

Palgrave, Chapter 1.3 "The Victorian Serial Market" (pp 21-23), accessible only on purchase from Palgrave Macmillan

"Yahoo Group on Penny Bloods and Dime Novels" – results of search on Edward Lloyd


Lloyd's Stenography; or, an easy and compendious System of Short-Hand, by which that most desirable and valuable art may be easily acquired. Sixpence. Published at Lloyd's general publication warehouse, 3, King Street, three doors from the borough… May 24, 1834

The String of Pearls, featuring Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street, by James Malcolm Rymer (1846-47). Its authorship is complicated, see Who wrote Sweeney Todd?

Sweeney Todd. The String of Pearls: The Original Victorian Classic, with introduction by Rohan McWilliam (Courier Dover Publications, 2015)

The Wonderful and Surprising History of Sweeney Todd: The Life and Times of an Urban Legend, by Robert L Mack (Continuum, 2008).

Varney, the Vampyre; or, The Feast of Blood (1847), by James Malcolm Rymer, Project Gutenberg eBook. An illustrated version is also available on Kindle (free download)

Varney, edited, corrected and with introduction and references added by Professor Curt Herr of Kutztown University, Pennsylvania (2007)

Ela, the Outcast; or, the Gipsy of Rosemary Dell. A Tale of Thrilling Interest (1842), by Thomas Peckett Prest. The illustrations were probably by the distinguished cartoonist, Charles Jameson Grant. This work may plagiarise The Gipsey girl; or, The heir of Hazel Dell, by Hannah Maria Jones, published by J&F Tallis (1836). Google eBook for which registration is needed (also in BL paperback, $28.49)

Angelina; or the Mystery of St Mark's Abbey. A Tale of Other Days (1841), by Thomas Peckett Prest. Google eBook

Lloyd’s Penny Weekly Miscellany of Romance and General Interest, Vol 1, 1843. Lloyd publication digitised as a Google eBook, free of charge

Some of Lloyd's romances are freely available in the Books section of Google Play or in digital form on registration with a university library network. This may depend on proof of status as an academic