EDWARD LLOYD

Victorian newspaper proprietor,

publisher and entrepreneur

 

 

 

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Introduction

Resources

Early Works

First 25 Years

Romances and Penny Bloods

Plagiarism, copyright

Who wrote Sweeney Todd?

Newspapers

Industrial innovation

Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper

Daily Chronicle

Politics

Lloyd the Radical

Lloyd the Liberal: Lloyd's Weekly

Lloyd the Liberal: Daily Chronicle

Radicals and Chartists

Liberal Party

The Rise of Literacy

Family

(with links for Edward's children)

Biography (with some myths)

Lloyd the Man

Edward's Will

Houses

 

Percy's translations

The Holocaust: Italy's Struggle with the Hapsburg

By Amilda A Pons. Translated from the French by Percy Lloyd. John Murray, 1919

This is a somewhat rapturous history of the heroes of the Risorgimento – the Italian nationalists who united Italy, ridding it of Austrians and Bourbons and limiting the papal power to interfere. Its value as a historical work lies in its focus on the lesser heroes of the movement, not just the well-known Mazzini, Cavour and Garibaldi. The author wished to give readers in France greater awareness of their neighbour's recent history, and Percy thought that the English-speaking world would also benefit from this knowledge. He does not use "Holocaust" in his translation, preferring terms like "carnage" and "mass execution".

Mipam The Lama of Five Wisdoms: A Tibetan Novel

By Lama Yongden. Translated by Percy Lloyd and Bernard Miall. John Lane, The Bodley Head, 1938

However beguiling and spiritually uplifting, this is a novel about Tibet, possibly by a Tibetan, rather than a work originating in that country. It explores the possibility that an infant who bears the indicia of the tulku at birth is not recognised as such by the community, but continues to be blessed with the traits of the chosen one.

The book was written by Albert Arthur Yongden with the help of his Franco-Belgian adoptive mother, Alexandra David Néel, who had employed him in Sikkim when a boy and westernised his forenames. An explorer and a worthwhile study in her own right, she took Yongden with her when travelling to Tibet. His status as a lama is not established.

Given this background, it seems likely that Percy translated from French rather than Tibetan since Néel spoke Tibetan.

The book is still in copyright but the introduction is accessible from the above link.

Percy Lloyd, 1868-1937

Percy Robert Lloyd was the 13th child of Edward and Maria and their youngest son. His life tells a story of talent and achievement scarred by misfortune.

Born in July 1868, Percy was the only one of Edward's children to go to university. While a student at Pembroke College Oxford from 1887, he shone as an athlete and won the quarter mile inter-university contest for Oxford. In later life, he translated two books, one an Italian history and the other a work of fantasy based on Buddhism (left).

After graduating, Percy went to Ely Theological College and was ordained in 1894. In that year he also married Dorothea Mallam. Percy was a curate at St Andrew's, Lincoln, although it seems they spent a lot of time at the Mallams' country house in Cuckfield, Sussex.

Their three children, Lionel, Monica and Theodore, were born in 1895, 1898 and 1905. Lionel, clearly a talented child in whom the parents invested many hopes, died at the age of 24 on Armistice Day in 1918 in the flu epidemic.

Long before this tragedy, however, life treated Percy and his family cruelly. Voewood (right) proved to be as great a private disaster as it was an architectural triumph.

On buying a building plot too large for the house and gardens, Percy gave away the surplus land for charitable use. When Voewood was nearly finished, the beneficiary announced that he planned to use the land as a tuberculosis clinic.

Fear of infection caused Dorothea to decide against moving in with their three small children, one either en ventre sa mère or a baby. Her memory has been traduced in a number of reports, some asserting that she decided she didn't like the house after all, others belittling her fear of TB – they should find out what this wasting, often fatal, disease did to its victims before the discovery of streptomycin in 1944.

Then, in 1907, Dorothea did die. It seems likely that, in giving her maid a sort of "kiss of life" that was believed to help recovery from diphtheria, Dorothea caught and succumbed to that disease.

Percy was distraught with grief and he had to cope with three young children, though it was a time when nannies often did much of the child-rearing anyway. Monica was sent to boarding school aged nine, and Lionel may have been away at school too.

Theodore was two. He left England when he was 17 to work on a farm in Australia. In later life, he returned to Europe and lived in Jersey. He married a New Zealander but was single when he returned to Europe. He made contact with Monica's daughter Mary and shared his enthusiasm for philately with his great-niece Felicity. He was also a keen golfer. Family myth gave him a drink problem, but there is no evidence of this. He died on 12 October 1983.

Percy remarried in 1909. He and Maria, an Italian, reportedly passed their time in Italy and the south of France, but they must have visited England since Maria was known as "Little Mother". Percy did no war service, at least not in the British forces, and there is no record of his having worked as a clergyman.

Only Monica bore Percy any grandchildren – Dorothea, Lionel, Richard and Mary. Lionel proved to be an inauspicious choice of name. The younger Lionel was a successful steeplechase jockey until he broke his back in a racing accident. He survived many years as a paraplegic but died at the age of 46 in a car accident.

Percy died in 1937 at Monte Carlo. He left £4,000 (about £231,000 now). This may not have been riches, but clearly he had enough to live on. It is apparent that Percy took his capital out of the trust in 1911. The two surviving children were well catered for from the family trust. Monica was a very prosperous woman.

Edward's children

Edward

Charles

Frederick

Annie

Frank

Alice

Herbert

Thomas

Ernest

Arthur

Emily

Harry

Walter

Clara

Florence

Percy

Rosalie

Laura

Family tree

(first two generations only)



Voewood

In 1902, Percy commissioned the renowned architect, Edward S Prior, to build a large house in the Arts & Crafts style at High Kelling near Holt in Norfolk.

Voewood House is among the most remarkable houses in the country. It incorporated innovative building techniques as well as what was then the new aesthetic.

Prior pioneered new ideas, such as the use of concrete both to build the walls and as a finished surface (after polishing it to a high gloss). It also contains a vast and eclectic range of decorative features, leading some to compare it with the work of the Spanish architect, Gaudí.

How many of these, if any, were the brainchildren of Percy and Dorothea is not known. It is just possible that Percy learned of William Morris's work as a child at Walthamstow, and Dorothea's family were enthusiasts for the Pre-Raphaelite School. However, it seems more likely that the architect was indulging his own vision.

The result cost a fortune. The estimate had been for a near-manageable £12,000 (£1.3m), but in the end the building cost five times that (£60,000 or £6.5m). This was about twice Percy's inheritance from his father, and that was tied up in the trust under his father's will at the time. In any event, he still held 6,582 shares in Edward Lloyd Ltd in 1927.

There was far more money in the family than Edward's will indicated. Percy could not spend the capital but he received the income from the trust for the grandchildren (see Will). Since the house was largely built from materials extracted on site, the main cost would have been for labour, incurred weekly throughout the build. Dorothea may have contributed money of her own. It is also conceivable that the Lloyd family came to his rescue with a donation or that Prior paid for some of the work.

After abandoning the hope of living in it, Percy rented the house to a fellow clergyman, Frederick Meyrick-Jones, who renamed it "Home Place" when he set up a small boarding school for boys who had difficulty with their exams. It was requisitioned in 1915 for the war-wounded.

After the war, demand for a boys' crammer had vanished and the house was sold to the health authority. It was first used as the TB clinic's men's wing. After the second world war, it was transferred to the NHS and used as a home for convalescent children and later for the elderly. It was sold in 1987 for private use as an elderly care home, "Thornfield Hall". That closed in 1995.

The fortunes of the house at last looked up in 1998 when Simon Finch bought it and began the patient work of restoration. Its original glory is now reinstated throughout and, for the first time, it is lived in as a private home as originally intended.

 

 

 

VOEWOOD HOUSE

 

c.1902

 

1904/5

 

1906

 

2013